Why Didnt I Get The Job? White Nonbeneficiaries Reactions To Affirmative Action And Diversity Programs

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W. Lee Grubb III
Amy McMillan-Capehart
William C. McDowell


Affirmative action, diversity program, hiring decision


The purpose of this study was to investigate how justifications for hiring procedures and hiring decisions impact white nonbeneficiaries perceptions of fairness. The results for the procedural and distributive justice hypotheses were strikingly similar. Both the diversity justification and no justification were perceived to be fairer than the affirmative action justification for both procedural and distributive justice. Interestingly, however, the respondents perceived no justification to be fairer than the diversity justification. Of the three different scenarios, no justification was perceived to be the most fair and affirmative action was perceived to be the least fair justification.


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