The Perception Of Afghan-American Leaders Role In Economic Development Efforts In Afghanistan: A Study Of Gender Differences And Repatriation To The Motherland

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Belal A. Kaifi
Bahaudin G. Mujtaba
Yan Xie


Afghans, Afghanistan, gender, education, brain drain, dependency, economic development


The majority of Afghanistans best educated and experienced generations of workers have become scattered expatriates living throughout the world. This brain-drain has taken place over a thirty-year period due to continuous violence, tragedy, and war throughout Afghanistan. As such, a rebuilding process now largely depends on the international community. This study of 58 male and 42 female Afghan-American respondents analyzes their perceptions regarding development opportunities in Afghanistan as well as their willingness to take part in the rebuilding process. It appears that there are some differences in the responses of males and females. The younger generation seems to be much more willing to go back and help in the rebuilding process. There seems to be a longevity effect: those who have been away from Afghanistan for a longer period of time are less willing to return for the rebuilding initiatives. Results and implications are presented.


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